What Is Covered Puts?

Are you curious to know what is covered puts? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about covered puts in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is covered puts?

Options trading offers a wide array of strategies that allow investors to profit from both rising and falling markets. One such strategy is known as a “covered put.” While it may sound counterintuitive to some, covered puts can be an effective tool for managing risk and generating income in a bearish market. In this blog post, we will explore what covered puts are, how they work, and when investors might consider using them in their options trading portfolio.

What Is Covered Puts?

Before diving into the details of covered puts, let’s break down the two main components: “puts” and “covered.”

  1. Puts: In options trading, a put option is a contract that gives the holder the right, but not the obligation, to sell a specific underlying asset (such as a stock) at a predetermined price (the strike price) within a specified time frame (until expiration). Put options are typically used as insurance against declining asset prices or as a way to profit from falling prices.
  2. Covered: The term “covered” implies that the trader or investor has taken a position that is backed or “covered” by an underlying asset. In the context of covered puts, this means that the trader owns the underlying asset corresponding to the put option.

How Covered Puts Work?

A covered put strategy involves two primary actions:

  1. Short Put Option: The trader sells (or “writes”) a put option contract. By doing so, they commit to buying the underlying asset at the strike price if the option holder decides to exercise the put option.
  2. Ownership of the Underlying Asset: Crucially, the trader must already own the corresponding amount of the underlying asset. This ownership is what makes the strategy “covered.” Owning the asset provides the trader with the ability to fulfill their obligation to buy the asset if the put option is exercised.

Key Elements Of Covered Puts:

  1. Income Generation: The primary goal of a covered put strategy is to generate income. The trader receives a premium from selling the put option, which they keep regardless of the option’s outcome.
  2. Limited Risk: Because the trader already owns the underlying asset, the risk of buying the asset at the strike price is mitigated. In essence, the worst-case scenario is owning more of the asset at a price they were willing to buy it for in the first place.
  3. Bearish Outlook: Covered puts are typically used when the trader has a bearish outlook on the underlying asset. They believe that the asset’s price will either remain stable or decrease.

When To Consider Covered Puts?

Covered puts can be a valuable strategy in several scenarios:

  1. Generating Income: Investors seeking additional income from their existing stock holdings can use covered puts to generate premium income from writing put options.
  2. Hedging Against a Decline: Traders who anticipate a potential decline in the value of their stock holdings can use covered puts as a form of downside protection.
  3. Stock Acquisition: Some investors use covered puts with the intention of acquiring more shares of the underlying asset at a lower cost if the put option is exercised.
  4. Risk Management: Covered puts offer a way to manage risk when holding a concentrated position in a single stock.


Covered puts are a versatile options trading strategy that combines income generation with risk management. By writing put options on underlying assets they already own, traders can potentially profit from bearish market conditions while limiting their downside risk. However, it’s essential for investors to thoroughly understand the mechanics of covered puts and consider their individual financial goals and risk tolerance before incorporating this strategy into their portfolio.

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What Is A Covered Put Example?

Covered Put payoff diagram

For example, if a stock is sold at $100 and a put option is sold at the $95 strike price for $5.00, the original position’s cost is now reduced by $5.00. Therefore, the cost basis and break-even point of the short stock position is now $105.

What Does A Covered Put Mean?

What is a covered put? Covered puts work essentially the same way as covered calls, except that the underlying equity position is a short instead of a long stock position, and the option sold is a put rather than a call. A covered put investor typically has a neutral to slightly bearish sentiment.

Why Would You Buy A Covered Put?

Importance of a Covered Put

An investor considering a covered put strategy is relatively bearish on the underlying company and is writing a put option to help defray the cost of the bearish approach. Investors that trade short expect the stock price to fall. The danger derives from a rise in the stock price.

Why Would You Sell A Covered Put Option?

By selling a cash-covered put, you can collect money (the premium) from the option buyer. The buyer pays this premium for the right to sell you shares of stock, any time before expiration, at the strike price. The premium you receive allows you to lower your overall purchase price if you get assigned the shares.

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